Confession of Faith
Introduction
Taiwan
Our Land – beautiful island Formosa
Our People – ethnic and multicultural
Our History – context and pluralism
Our Isolation – identity and self determination
PCT
Our Christian roots and heritage
Interdenominational and multi-faith
PCT Contextual and Holistic Mission
Evangelism – past and present
Social Justice and Social Welfare
PCT Related Institutions
Partners in Mission
Ecumenical and International Relations
PCT Administration
Structure and Statistics
PCT Programme Committees
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The Presbyterian Church in Taiwan (PCT)

Our Christian roots and heritage

Whereas Roman Catholic missionaries came to Taiwan somewhat earlier, Protestant mission work that continues to this day began the year 1865 in Tainan with the arrival of Dr. James L. Maxwell sent by the Presbyterian Church of England (now the United Reformed Church [URC]). Dr. Maxwell and colleagues were soon followed by Rev. Dr. George L. Mackay from the Canadian Presbyterian Mission (the Presbyterian Church in Canada [PCC]) who began mission work in Tamsui in 1872.

From the efforts of the British missionaries in the south and the Canadian missionaries in the north, a Taiwanese Presbyterian Church began to take shape. 1865 is considered the founding year of the PCT.

Little modern development had been initiated by the government in Taiwan, until the Japanese takeover in 1895, however, many modern institutions were already introduced by the church. For example, the first school, including the first school for girls, the blind and deaf, the first western hospital, the care for leprosy patients, and the first printing press in Taiwan were all established by the Presbyterian Church.

During the Japanese colonial period, though under strong pressure from the authorities to use Japanese, the PCT continued to use the Taiwanese language in its activities. Because of the increasing militarism of Japan in the late 1930s all foreign missionaries were expelled for a period, thus giving the church an early experience of autonomy. Evangelism among the indigenous tribes started at this time despite ruthless Japanese opposition and by the end of the war 4,000-5,000 indigenous people were ready for baptism.